Critter Corner -
DID YOU KNOW:
broad-winged hawk's call is a piercing, wailing whistle.
This bird of prey stands 14 to 18 inches fall and weighs about
20 ounces. The bird's bones are hollow, so they weigh less
than you would guess.
hawks live in hardwood and conifer forests in the northern part
of the United States and Canada. There, they eat rabbits,
rodents, birds, snakes and amphibians. During the winter
in South America, they tend to eat insects, lizards, bats and
frogs. These hawks are seen in Missouri during migrations
in the spring and fall.
The female broad-winged lays two or three eggs late in the
springtime, often in an abandoned squirrel nest or other bird of
prey's nest. When nesting, the hawk is quiet and secretive
near the nest. Both mom and dad may incubate the eggs.
Broad-winged hawks like to live in mature hardwood forests with
lots of trees But they also like to have water nearby
where they can find frogs and snakes.
Like other birds of prey, broad-winged hawks have sharp talons
and beaks. They often hunt in the same places as
red-tailed hawks. The red-tails are much larger.
Sometimes the two species get along, but sometimes they scream
and dive at each other.
Broad-winged hawks migrate in large flocks
from the northern United States and Canada to the tropics in
South America. That trip is more than 4,000 miles.
As they migrate, they use warm swirls of air
called thermals to pick them up and swirl them high in the
Groups of migrating hawks are called kettles.
Check out Lakeside Nature Center's
To learn more about
(Photo credits: Large portrait
of Broad-winged Hawk, Fermi National Lab [Jeff Hertz,
photographer]; Broad-winged Hawk with wings spread, US
Geological Service; Broad-tailed Hawk on branch, Missouri
Department of Conservation; Kettle of Broad-tailed Hawks,
Missouri Department of Conservation)